Anna Wood, Years 9 and 10 Photography and Digital Media Teacher
Adding the effect of movement to you image can add dynamism and interest to the photographs you take. Three types of movement related photographs are freeze frame, panning and long exposures. These techniques can be used with point and shoot cameras as well as DSLRs.
Freeze frame refers to photographs where the action is frozen. This can be used to show complex movement in parts and split second snapshots. This technique requires good light and a fast shutter speed.
A panning shot has the subject in focus (or more in focus) and the background blurred. This can be used to show the speed of the subject. It is best accomplished with a large aperture and a slower shutter speed. The photographer follows the movement of the subject with their camera and presses the shutter continuing the movement of the camera after they have have pressed the shutter.
Finally long exposures can show movement as a blur. This can be used to show movement in public places as the photograph will contain the blur of movement but no identifiable faces unless someone stands still during the shot. This requires a small aperture and a long shutter speed.
Below are two examples taken from the swimming Carnival
Freeze frame Panning